OuputFormat and XMLSerializer's alternative?

Denny <emir@paran.com>
Tue, 3 Jun 2008 22:41:29 -0700 (PDT)
I am making a sample web service program using WSDL and SOAP under JDK
1.4. To make that, I used a source below included in XML and JAVA;
developing web application 2nd Edition. As you know, Since the two
classes, OutputFomat and XMLSerializer, had been deprecated, I can't
use that source. To use that source, How I can modify it?? plz let me
know the ....

import java.io.FileReader;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.OutputStream;
import java.net.URL;
import java.net.HttpURLConnection;
import javax.xml.parsers.DocumentBuilder;
import javax.xml.parsers.DocumentBuilderFactory;
import org.w3c.dom.Document;
import org.xml.sax.InputSource;
import org.apache.xml.serialize.OutputFormat;
import org.apache.xml.serialize.XMLSerializer;

import com.wm.ws.mime.XmlMimeEntityHandler;
import com.wm.ws.soap.util.EnvelopeUtil;

public class SOAPHttpRequestor0 {

    public static String SOAP_ENV = "SOAP-ENV:Envelope";
    public static String CONTENT_TYPE_VALUE =
            "text/xml; charset=UTF-8";

    public static void main(java.lang.String[] args)
            throws Exception {
        Document doc;

        // Parses the request XML with the specified charset (utf-8)
        DocumentBuilderFactory factory =
        InputSource input =
                new InputSource(new FileReader(args[0]));
        doc = factory.newDocumentBuilder().parse(input);
        OutputFormat formatter = new OutputFormat(doc, "utf-8",

        // SOAP-ENV:Envelope is added if needed
        if (!doc.getDocumentElement().
                getTagName().equals(SOAP_ENV)) {
            Document env = EnvelopeUtil.createEmptyEnvelope();
            doc = EnvelopeUtil.addBodyEntry(env, doc);

        // Print out the request message
        System.out.println("******** Request Message *******");
        XMLSerializer serializer =
                new XMLSerializer(System.out, formatter);

        // Set up HTTP transport
        URL url = new URL(args[1]);
        HttpURLConnection con =
                (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
                "text/xml; charset=UTF-8");
        con.setRequestProperty("SOAPAction", "\"\"");

        // Serialize and send the request message
        OutputStream out = con.getOutputStream();
        serializer = new XMLSerializer(out, formatter);

        // You may get error
        if (con.getResponseCode() != HttpURLConnection.HTTP_OK) {
            throw new Exception("Error in HttpURLConnection: " +

        // Receive response message
        InputStream in = con.getInputStream();
        input =
XmlMimeEntityHandler.getInputSource(con.getContentType(), in);

        Document resp = factory.newDocumentBuilder().parse(input);

        System.out.println("\n\n******** Response Message *******");
        formatter = new OutputFormat();
        serializer = new XMLSerializer(System.out, formatter);
        System.out.println("\n\n******** Succeeded *******");

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