Re: NullPointerException: File Not Found (that clearly exists!)

From: <>
23 Mar 2007 17:26:58 GMT
In article <>, <> wrote:

On Mar 22, 9:10 pm, <> wrote:

In article <>,

Lew <> wrote: wrote:

On Mar 22, 2:25 pm, "Oliver Wong" <> wrote:

<> wrote in message

Couldn't find file: C:\Documents and Settings\me\classes\GUI\src\com


Problem is:
C:\Documents and Settings\me\classes\GUI\src\com\ppowell\applications
\images\rock.jpg [b]exists[/b]!

    Did you try passing in "com\ppowell\applications\images\rock.jpg" as
the filename?

    - Oliver

Yes, NullPointerException, same scenario. It worked when I prefixed
my file path with "file:///" and then set a new instead
of using getResource()

NullPointerException has nothing to do with whether a file exists.


Am I confused, or did the OP neglect to show the code that's trying
to access the file? that might help in relating the error message
("Couldn't find ...." -- is this produced by his code, or what?) and
the NullPointerException to the underlying problem. I'm thinking too
that there must be some other error condition or exception that
somehow is being ignored, and it would be helpful to know what it is,
as well as the code that's generating it.

I notice that in another post the OP mentions that he solved the
problem, in some way that would be "too complicated to go into here".
Maybe he would be willing to give some hints given that a couple
of people are still trying to sort it out?

I honestly don't think it will help, but sure:

Speaking only for myself -- yes, now there's enough detail for me
to have a clearer picture of what went wrong, what you changed, and
why it helped ....

     * Original source
     * Create {@link javax.swing.ImageIcon}
     * @param path {@link java.lang.String}
     * @param myClass {@link java.lang.Class}
     * @return icon {@link javax.swing.ImageIcon}
public static ImageIcon createImageIcon(String path, Class myClass) {
        URL imgURL = myClass.getResource(path);
        if (imgURL != null) {
            return new ImageIcon(imgURL);
        } else {
            System.err.println("Couldn't find file: " + path);
            return null;

------------------- --* Vs how I fixed it *-- --------------------

     * Fixed source!!
     * Create {@link javax.swing.ImageIcon}
     * @param path {@link java.lang.String}
     * @return icon {@link javax.swing.ImageIcon}
    public static ImageIcon createImageIcon(String path) {
        URL imgURL = null;
        try {
            imgURL = new URL(path);
        } catch (MalformedURLException e) {
        if (imgURL != null) {
            return new ImageIcon(imgURL);
        } else {
            System.err.println("Couldn't find file: " + path);
            return null;

This also includes a user-defined variable FILE_SRC_PATH which is a
full path from "file:///" instead of the user-defined variable
SRC_PATH which starts with "C:/" instead. When I switched from using
SRC_PATH (which always returned null) to FILE_SRC_PATH, I was able to
get a returned value that also did not ultimately throw a
MalformedURLException when I used the corrected version of

Is that a bit clearer?


It's clearer from the original code where the NullPointerException
is coming from, and also the "Couldn't find file" message.

As for why that message occurs for a file that exists ....

I might be wrong, having only skimmed the documentation for
getResource (as opposed to reading it carefully), but it's not
clear to me that it will work if what you pass it is a Windows
fully-qualified pathname, which is what you seem to be doing based
on the reported error message. I'm not curious enough to boot
a Windows machine to try it, but trying something similar with a
Linux fully-qualified pathname ("/home/user/....") produces the
results you report. Using a relative pathname works, however.
So I'm not sure why things didn't work when you tried passing in
"com\ppowell\applications\images\rock.jpg" -- unless it's the
backslashes, which might need to either be escaped or replaced with
forward slashes.

(The error message seems to me to be a little misleading, but it
sounds like you didn't write this code, so -- whatever.)

It's also clear what you changed to get things to work -- rather
than continuing to try to sort out what parameter would work with
getResource, you switched to using the URL class and giving it a
"file:" URL rather than (just) a pathname.

It seems to me that getResource is probably the "right" approach
(more portable, more robust, etc.), but if you're getting the URL
including the path from an environment variable, that's probably
better than hardcoding it. (You may know better than to do that.
I teach Java to undergraduates, and sometimes they don't .... )

So it's clearer to me anyway. Thanks! and now the group archives
will be more complete, which *might* be of help to someone searching
them in the future ....

In your literal String values, do you escape the backslashes? If

not, then the

single backslashes "go away", and you might even wind up with control

For example, what are the characters in the String value "t\ric\ky"?

Generally, forward slashes are much safer for pathnames, especially

in source


B. L. Massingill
ObDisclaimer: I don't speak for my employers; they return the favor.

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