Re: Algorithm for performing a rollup

From: (Stefan Ram)
18 Mar 2007 21:33:30 GMT
<> (Stefan Ram) writes:

I do not like the ?while( true ){ ... break; ... }?-style
myself, but sometimes it is the last ressort, when the loop
control logic is too complex to fit into the parentheses.

  The next version:

class Source
implements java.util.Iterator<java.lang.String>
{ private final java.lang.String source[] =
  { "A", "A", "A", "B", "B", "C", "D", "D" };
  private int position;
  public Source()
  { this.position = 0; }
  public java.lang.String next(){ return source[ position++ ]; }
  public boolean hasNext(){ return position < source.length; }
  public void remove(){ throw new java.lang.UnsupportedOperationException(); }}

/** For an Iterator<E> object delivering components, allow to count how many
components appear in a sequence of consecutive equal components.
@param E the type of the components */

class Counter<E>
  /** Initialize a new Counter object for a source.
  @param source an iterator delivering each component of the source in turn */

  public Counter( final java.util.Iterator<E> source )
  { first = null;
    next = null;
    this.source = source; }

  /** Advance the Counter object to the beginning of the next
  sequence of consecutive equal components.
  A true result indicates success.
  This might be called directly after object creation.
  Between a call of this and the next call there
  must be exactly one call of "count". */

  public boolean advance()
  { final boolean advanced;
    if( next != null )
    { first = next; next = null; advanced = true; }
    else if( source.hasNext() )
    { first =; advanced = true; }
    else advanced = false;
    return advanced; }

  /** After a succesful "advance",
  count the number of consecutive equal source components.
  This must be called exactly once after a successful call of "advance". */

  public int count()
  { int count = 1; while( this.isExtendable() )++count;
    return count; }

  /** The current value of the component, valid after a successful
  advance operation */

  public E value()
  { return first; }

  /** Is the next component equal to the first?
  side-effect: advance the (perceived) position to the next component if it is
  equal to the first */
  private boolean isExtendable()
  { final boolean result;
    if( !source.hasNext() ){ next = null; result = false; }
    else result = first.equals( next = );
    return result; }

  /** The first component in a sequence of consecutive
  equal source components */
  private E first;

  /** The next component as just read from the source */
  private E next;

  /** The component source for this Counter */
  private final java.util.Iterator<E> source; }

public class Main
  public static void main( final java.lang.String[] args )
  { Source source = new Source();
    Counter<java.lang.String> counter = new Counter<java.lang.String>( source );
    while( counter.advance() )
    { java.lang.System.out.println
      ( "\"" + counter.value() + "\", " + counter.count() ); }}}

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