Re: Help with utf8

Tom Anderson <>
Tue, 7 Apr 2009 20:48:00 +0100
On Tue, 7 Apr 2009, Francois wrote:

I read a file encode as utf8, and it has accented characters displayed
as R??mi (in gvim).

I read and parse the file

File xmlFile is the file handler.

InputStreamReader in = new InputStreamReader(new FileInputStream
(xmlFile), "UTF-8");
filter.parse(new InputSource(new BufferedReader(in)));

When the parsing is done, I output the file with
Writer out = new OutputStreamWriter(new FileOutputStream(outfile),
filter.setContentHandler(new XMLWriter(out));

During the parsing, I substitute the attributes content using a
HashMap wich is read from another file with

I don't understand what you mean by that. Substitute how?

FileInputStream r = new FileInputStream(d);
InputStreamReader is = new InputStreamReader(r);
System.out.println("Zmodif encoding " + is.getEncoding());
BufferedReader reader = new BufferedReader(is);
String line;
while ((line = reader.readLine())!= null){
    byte[] conv = line.getBytes("ISO-8859-1");
    String u8Line = new String(conv, "UTF8");

That looks like a really odd thing to do. What are you trying to achieve
by encoding a string as 8859-1 and then decoding it as UTF-8?

I put u8line in the HashMap and it to make the substitutions

My problem is that that output file has accented characters like this
R&#233;mi instead of R??mi
I don't know where it comes from and how to change it ...

That's an XML numeric character escape. &#233; means the unicode character
with code 233, which is a lowercase e with an acute accent. It's a
perfectly valid thing to find in an XML document; if the purpose of your
XML file is to be read by another program, it will be fine. If you want to
encode it as a normal character, you need to tell the XML encoder to do
that rather than use an escape; i don't know what this XMLWriter class
you're using is, but that's the object which is making that decision.


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