Re: VC 2003, WinXP and Win2000

"Doug Harrison [MVP]" <>
Wed, 14 Jun 2006 11:03:14 -0500
On 14 Jun 2006 08:21:15 -0700, "TemporalBeing" <> wrote:

I was recently forced to upgrade from Win2k SP4 to WinXP SP1, and this
issue does not seen to occur at all under Win2k SP4.

I am working with the wincrypt, and allocating a buffer to hold some
data. This is done numerous times in the code, but only fails on the
last one. The code flow is basically allocate, copy, allocate, copy
until all data in a buffer used by wincrypt is extracted into separate

The problem I am running into is that the memcpy is generating a
first-chance exception under WinXP. (This does not happen at all under
Win2k.) If I run the program on the command-line then the program works
fine - the first-chance exception is still generated but silently
ignored and the program works as expected (passing my unit tests). The
problem I am running into is that I have a unit test later in the
program that I am trying to debug, but I cannot get to it via the
debugger because of this first chance exception.

This suggests you're having the debugger stop on all exceptions, including
"first chance" ones, which can be ignored most of the time:

First and second chance exception handling

The code is basically the following:

BYTE* pointer_into_wincrypt_buffer;
// Ex: 512 bits / 8 bits [per byte] = 64 bytes
data_size = key_bit_length / 8;
void* Data = malloc(data_size);

So far as I can tell, the buffer sizes are correct. In looking online,
I came across one post that suggested this issue could be caused by the
compiler interpretting the data wrong, so I also tried changing the
memcpy() line to the following:


However, I still have the same problem. I have also tried changing Data
from being a void* to an unsigned char*, but it did not resolve the

As memcpy takes a void* and operates internally on bytes, that should have
no effect.

As I said earlier, I do this a number of times and it only does this on
the last one. The code is correct, but I can't get the debugger to go
past it.

What are the values of Data and data_size the last time around?

Debugger error is 0xC0000005 (invalid pointer) and occurs on the 'rep
movsd' in memcpy. Ignore is disabled. I would be more greatly
concerned if it was also occurring under Win2k, but I cannot find any
reason why it would under WinXP and not under Win2k, and why it would
work correctly when run under the debugger if there really was an

Any ideas/tips/etc greatly appreciated.

You should not be getting an exception, and it's worrisome that it's being
handled, as it ought to be causing your program to crash. Concerning the
Win2K/WinXP discrepancy, differences in heap management could account for
that. I suspect a bug either in your code or memcpy, especially if you're
using the intrinsic form. To rule out a memcpy codegen bug, try writing
your own version, give it a different name, and drop it in as a temporary
replacement. You could replace it with std::copy if you're using the C++
Standard Library.

Doug Harrison
Visual C++ MVP

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