std::exception's constructors

"Paul" <vhr@newsgroups.nospam>
Fri, 1 Sep 2006 12:52:03 +0100
I have an exception class to which I added another constructor. These are
the existing and the added ones:

1) Existing:

Exception::Exception(const std::string& err_msg /* other parameters */);

2) Added:

Exception(const std::exception& except /* same other parameters */);

The following 'throw' caused ambiguity

throw Exception("SOME TEXT" /* other parameters */);

and this is a message from the compiler:

.... : error C2668: 'Exception::Exception' : ambiguous call to overloaded
        ...: could be 'Exception::Exception(const std::exception & [OTHER
        ...: or 'Exception::Exception(const std::string & [OTHER
        while trying to match the argument list '(const char [...] [OTHER

I then browsed to the std::exception's definition in the STL library and
found the following among its constructors:

__CLR_OR_THIS_CALL exception(const char *const&);

So, the picture, as I see it, is as follows: the compiler tries to resolve
the call and finds two matches: one based on the std::string's non-explicit
constructor taking "const char*", and the other, on std::exception's
constructor accepting the same.

Whilst the std::string's behaviour is as expected, I am a little puzzled by
that of std::exception: I have double-checked the std::exception's standard
definition and have also checked on-line help, where I found only this:

Standard C++ Library Reference

exception Class

class exception {
   exception( ) throw( );
   exception(const exception& right) throw( );
   exception& operator=(const exception& right) throw( );
   virtual ~exception( ) throw( );
   virtual const char *what( ) const throw( );


How should it be?

Thank you.

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