Re: Parsing CSV files

Hector Santos <>
Sat, 23 Jan 2010 04:15:39 -0500
Tom Serface wrote:

I think Joe is saying it is meaningless these days because there is no
carriage to return any longer. I think most of us consider \n
synonymous with Enter and that implies the start of a new line. A lot
of this is carry over from the days of teletype and paper terminals and
we're just stuck with it as part of ASCII.

I just wanted to add, yes, \n is viewed as a new line, but that is
only in the DOS/Windows world. Not the case in the "other" worlds!

In the DOS/Windows programming the default is COOKED mode when you
open a text file. COOKED means it will do translations for you - in
both directions. In RAW mode, there is no translation and you must be
specific, <CR><LF> or \r\n.

In MS C/C++, file I/O runtime library function


can be used to set/change the binary (RAW) or text (COOKED)
translation mode. For example,

   _setmode( _fileno( stdin ), _O_BINARY );
   _setmode( _fileno( stdout ), _O_BINARY );

will set a standard I/O console program to be compatibility with the
UNIX/MAC/DOS world because you are dealing with RAW bytes, no
transparent translations being done.

Here is a quick portable "fetch" program you can use to GET a HTTP
resource from a web site:

================= CUT HERE ======================
/* fetch.c -- fetch via HTTP and dump the entire session to stdout
     very stupidly. Illustrate need to change the stdout
     default _O_TEXT cooked mode to _O_BINARY raw mode.


#ifdef _WIN32

#include <windows.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <winsock.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <io.h>

#pragma comment(lib,"wsock32.lib")
#define close(a) closesocket(a)
#define read(a,b,c) recv(a,b,c,0)
#define write(a,b,c) send(a,b,c,0)

#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <netdb.h>
#include <signal.h>

main(argc, argv)
  int argc;
  char **argv;
     int pfd; /* fd from socket */
     int len;
     char *hostP, *fileP;
     char buf[1024];
     struct hostent *hP; /* for host */
     struct sockaddr_in sin;
#ifdef _WIN32
     WSADATA wd;

     if (WSAStartup(MAKEWORD(1, 1), &wd) != 0) {
     _setmode( _fileno( stdin ), _O_BINARY );
     _setmode( _fileno( stdout ), _O_BINARY );

     if ( argc != 3 ) {
        fprintf( stderr, "Usage: %s host file\n", argv[0] );
        exit( 1 );

     hostP = argv[1];
     fileP = argv[2];

     hP = gethostbyname( hostP );
     if ( hP == NULL ) {
        fprintf( stderr, "Unknown host \"%s\"\n", hostP );
        exit( 1 );

     pfd = socket( AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0 );
     if ( pfd < 0 ) {
         perror( "socket" );
         exit( 1 );

     sin.sin_family = hP->h_addrtype;
     memcpy( (char *)&sin.sin_addr, hP->h_addr, hP->h_length );
     sin.sin_port = htons( 80 );
     if ( connect( pfd, (struct sockaddr *)&sin, sizeof(sin) ) < 0 ) {
        perror( "connect" );
        close( pfd );
        exit( 1 );

     sprintf( buf, "GET %s HTTP/1.0\r\n"
                   "host: %s\r\n"
                   "accept: *.*\r\n\r\n", fileP, hostP);

     write( pfd, buf, strlen(buf));

     while ( ( len = read( pfd, buf, sizeof(buf)) ) > 0)
        fwrite( buf, 1, len, stdout );

     close( pfd );
     fflush( stdout );
     exit( 0 );
================= CUT HERE ======================


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