Allowing duplicate template specialisations

Alexander Lamaison <>
Thu, 13 Jan 2011 03:27:54 CST
Is there a way to allow multiple definitions of the same template
For instance, one way of tagging COM interfaces with their associated UUID
is using templates like this:
template<typename T> struct comtype {};
template<> struct comtype<IUnknown> { static const IID& uuid() { return
IID_IUnknown; } }
template<typename T> inline IID& uuidof(Itf*) { return comtype<T>::uuid();
Code can then get at the IID like so:
IUnknown* p = NULL; HRESULT hr = q->QueryInterface(uuidof(p), &p);
The problem is that it is very hard (impossible in the case of a library)
to ensure that there is only one instance of each template specialisation.
 Every file that uses a COM interface pointer needs the appropriate
comtype specialisation but files may include two different instances via
seperate include chains. When these comtypes are provided by several
third-parties it becomes a real problem.
As the definitions for any given specialisation should be identical, I
would ideally like any one of them to be chosen by the compiler rather
than an error about multiple definitions. Is this possible?
Many thanks.
Alex Lamaison
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