Re: temporary bounded to reference param in function...

"Victor Bazarov" <>
Fri, 2 Nov 2007 18:35:46 -0400
werasm wrote:

I just want to clarify this example:

#include <memory>

struct X
 virtual std::auto_ptr<X> clone() const;
struct Y
 virtual std::auto_ptr<Y> clone() const;

template <class T>
class Opt
   Opt( const T& ref ): p_( &ref ){ }
   std::auto_ptr<T> clone( T* ) const
   { return p_->clone(); }
   const T* p_;

struct OptXY : Opt<X>, Opt<Y>
 OptXY( const X& x, const Y& y )
 : Opt<X>( x ), Opt<Y>( y ){ }

void foo( const Opt<X>&, const Opt<Y>&, const OptXY& );

int main()
   Opt<X>( X() ),
   Opt<Y>( Y() ),
   OptXY( X(), Y() ) );

If I understand 12.2.5 correctly, then all the temporaries will be
destroyed at the end of the body of foo, the order being opposite
to the order of creation (which is undetermined). It would then
be safe to say that they are usable (and the clone is safe)
anywhere within the body of foo. Is this right?

I went back and forth a couple of times on this one...

Yes, it's right. The X() and Y() temporaries survive until the full
expression in which they are used is evaluated, which includes the
call to 'foo'. The pointers Opt<X> and Opt<Y> retain will remain
valid until the temporaries to which they point are destroyed. If
you don't try to hold onto the 'p_' members of the temporaries, you
should be OK. So, it all comes down to what 'clone' does. If it
does what 'clone' usually does, create a dynamic object which is
a copy of the one for which 'clone' is called, then all is well.

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