template typename parameter cannot be "void"?

Sylvain Guilley <sylvain.guilley@free.fr>
Sun, 03 Feb 2008 14:35:02 +0100

  I am wondering why "typename D" can be anything, a class or a
primitive type (int, float, etc.) but not void?

  Now, in some situations, it would make sense to specialize a template
typename into "void".

  I provide an example below. Actually, I am fetching an idiomatic way
to design a generic singleton factory that is able to create a single
instance of a class (C) either with or without initialization parameters
(D). My first idea fails (see line marked with comment "// KO").

  Any suggestions?

Thanks, Sylvain GUILLEY.

template <class C, typename D> class singleton
   static int nb_references;
   static C* pinstance;
   static C* new_instance( D );
   static void delete_instance();

// Initialize the reference count to zero
template <class C, typename D> int singleton<C,D>::nb_references = 0;

// Initialize pointer
template <class C, typename D> C* singleton<C,D>::pinstance = 0;

// Proxy to return the instance
template <class C, typename D> C* singleton<C,D>::new_instance( D init )
   if( nb_references++ == 0 ) pinstance = new C( init );
   return pinstance; // Address of sole instance

// Proxy to delete the instance
template <class C, typename D> void singleton<C,D>::delete_instance()
   if( --nb_references == 0 ) delete pinstance;

// Class from which we would like to be able to call either ctor
struct a
   a( int ) {}
   a( void ) {}

int main()
   a* Aint = singleton<a, int >::new_instance( 0 ); // OK
   a* Avoid = singleton<a, void>::new_instance( void ); // KO

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