Re: how to include a c struct in C++ namespace

Victor Bazarov <>
Wed, 25 Mar 2009 12:11:41 -0400
<gqdl3u$mqs$> wrote:

On Mar 24, 11:14 pm, Victor Bazarov <> wrote: wrote:

I am trying to wrap c functions with some exception handling, for
example, wrap the socket bind in A::Bind
namespace A {
 int Bind(int fd, struct sockaddr *addr, socklen_t addrlen) throw
namespace A {
 int Bind(int fd, struct sockaddr *addr, socklen_t addrlen) throw
(inet_error) {
    /* if error, throw; otherwise return; */
The problem is this generates link error,
 error: reference to ?sockaddr? is ambiguous....
 it seems the compiler think I define a new struct, with the same name
"sockaddr" in name space A, I tr
ied to remove the struct keyword, and it wouldn't compile.
in A, I have to reference to the global C struct, sockaddr etc.
in main(), I have to use those global C structs together with
functions I defined in A.
I am a bit confused here, I didn't define any new struct in A.
so I guess my question is, is there a simple and clean way to use a C
struct within a user defined namespace in C++?

You can always qualify the type-id from outside of the namespace:

    namespace A {
       int Bind(int, ::sockaddr*, ::socklen_t) throw(ine_error);

That should disambiguate the names of the types.

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hi, thank you very much for the reply. at one moment, I thought I was

the program compiled and linked well using gcc 4.3.2 on Fedora 10. in
the main file, I just say "using namespace A", then I can use my
wrapper function without causing any ambiguity on those C structs.

but today I tried to compile in cygwin gcc 3.4.4
it complained about this line: (enclosed in namespace A, as above)

int Connect(int sockfd, const ::sockaddr_in *serv_addr, socklen_t len)
throw (inet_error);

"error: expected unqualified-id before * token".

now I am confused again. isn't this supposed to be a valid syntax/
semantic rule of C++?

Uh... Do you think it might be worth your while to upgrade the compiler
to something more recent? Without seeing all the sources (and I don't
want to encourage you to post them, I'm not going to try compiling them)
it's kind of hard to tell you exactly what else might be contributing to
the error. Did you remember to include the definition of 'sockaddr_in'
struct? AFAICT, the following should compile except for the line in the

     struct S1 {};
     namespace A { struct S1 {}; }

     using namespace A;

     void foo(const ::S1 * ptr);

     int main() {
        A::S1 a;
        foo(&a); // error here, not above

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