How to protect functions from being called unsynchronized

=?ISO-8859-1?Q?Marcel_M=FCller?= <>
Mon, 24 May 2010 22:38:28 +0200
I would like to protect some functions of a class from being called
outside a synchronized context.

Of course I could write a proxy that forwards all functions with an
adjusted interface (see example below). But is is a bunch of work to
forward all of these methods. Note that

On the other hand I could use two interfaces one for synchronized class
instances (maybe the class itself) and a second one for the thread-safe
part. Unfortunately this causes a significant runtime overhead, since
even trivial functions would require a vtable lookup while they would
usually expanded inline else.

Any other ideas?

What a pity that one cannot define custom CV modifiers which would do
the job. :-)
In fact I already abused volatile for strong thread safety. But this
should have no drawback since the volatile Info instances cannot be
accessed by ordinary statements anyway, since Info has no volatile methods.


struct Info
{ Info() { }
   Info(const volatile Info& r)
   { // Strongly thread safe access
   const char* GetString() const;
   // ...

class A
{ Info info;
   void SyncMethod()
   { // ...
   void OrdinaryMethod()
   { // ...
   const volatile Info& GetInfo() const // strong thread safety required
   { return info; }

   class Sync;
   friend class Sync;
   class Sync
   { A& a;
     Sync(A& a) : a(a)
     { // Aquire mutex
     { // Release mutex
     void SyncMethod()
     { a.SyncMethod();
     void OrdinaryMethod()
     { a.OrdinaryMethod();
     const Info& GetInfo() const // remove strong thread safety tag
     { return const_cast<Info&>(a.GetInfo());
     Info& GetInfo()
     { return; }

int main()
   A a;
   //a.SyncMethod(); WRONG!
   Info i(a.GetInfo()); // strong thread safety required
   i.GetString(); // access Info content ...
   { // Hold mutex here
     A::Sync a_sync(a);
     a_sync.SyncMethod(); // valid
     a_sync.GetInfo().GetString(); // no thread safety required
   return 0;

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