Warning during generating classes through WSIMPORT & Error during xml validation

traveller <ravi.k.sinha@gmail.com>
Mon, 7 Jan 2008 23:00:19 -0800 (PST)

I am doing examples from the great book "SOA Using Java Web Services"
by Mark D. Hansen. In several examples I need to use wsimport for
generating mapped classes from a WSDL file.

Issue No. 1

The thing is the classes are generated but there is a warning as

--------------------- START ----------------------
[WARNING] src-resolve: Cannot resolve the name 'oms:BUSOBJ_CCARD' to
a(n) 'element declaration' component.
  line 36 of file:/E:/.../Idea-SoaBook/chap07/ep-provider-castor/rsrc/
----------------------- END ------------------------

But still the classes are generated correctly and I can use them.

Issue no. 2

For the same WSDL file, in Chapter 7, in a program (in Section 7.3)
there is validation done using schemas extracted from the wsdl file
dynamically. The cause is the same, but this time the code fails and
the web service does not run at all and ultimately results in an

Now I will list the relvant parts of the files which bear with this

1) The WSDL file (Reproducing here)

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<wsdl:definitions targetNamespace="http://www.example.com/req"
        <xs:schema targetNamespace="http://www.example.com/oms">
            <xs:include schemaLocation="http://soabook.com/example/oms/
        <xs:schema targetNamespace="http://www.example.com/faults">
            <xs:include schemaLocation="http://soabook.com/example/
        <xs:schema elementFormDefault="qualified"
            <xs:import namespace="http://www.example.com/oms"/>
            <xs:element name="requestOrder">
                        <xs:element name="CUST_NO">
                                <xs:restriction base="xs:string">
                                    <xs:maxLength value="10"/>
                        <xs:element name="PURCH_ORD_NO" minOccurs="0">
                                <xs:restriction base="xs:string">
                                    <xs:maxLength value="35"/>
                        <xs:element name="ccard"
type="oms:BUSOBJ_CCARD" minOccurs="0"/>
                        <xs:element name="item" type="oms:BUSOBJ_ITEM"
            <xs:element name="requestOrderResponse">
                        <xs:element ref="oms:Order"/>
    <wsdl:message name="request">
        <wsdl:part name="parameters" element="req:requestOrder"/>
    <wsdl:message name="response">
        <wsdl:part name="parameters"
    <!--! <example xn="WSDL_FAULT"> -->
    <!--! <c>chap07</c><s>faults</s> -->
    <wsdl:message name="inputFault">
        <wsdl:part name="parameters"
    <wsdl:portType name="RequestOrderPort">
        <wsdl:operation name="requestOrder">
            <wsdl:input message="req:request"/>
            <wsdl:output message="req:response"/>
            <wsdl:fault name="requestOrderInputFault"
    <!--! </example> -->
    <wsdl:binding name="RequestOrderSOAPBinding"
        <soap:binding style="document"

        <wsdl:operation name="requestOrder">
                <soap:body use="literal"/>
                <soap:body use="literal"/>
            <wsdl:fault name="requestOrderInputFault">
                <soap:fault name="requestOrderInputFault"/>
    <wsdl:service name="RequestOrderService">
        <wsdl:port name="RequestOrderPort"
            <soap:address location="not yet determined"/>

2) Orders.xsd portion. The full file can be accessed at

 <complexType name="BUSOBJ_CCARD">
      <documentation>Credit Card Information</documentation>
      <element name="CC_TYPE">

3) The Web Service code which tries to validate the incoming message
from the Client. This web service is decalred to be a provider, which
means that it will directly work with raw XML and not mapped Java
class objects. I am listing the relevant two methods which try to
carry out the validation

private String validateAgainstWSDL(Source payload) throws Exception {

    //! <example xn="GET_WSDL_FROM_WEBCONTEXT">
    //! <c>chap07</c><s>faults</s>
    if ( webServiceContext == null ) {
      throw new RuntimeException("WebServiceContext not injected.");
    MessageContext mc = webServiceContext.getMessageContext();
    ServletContext sc = (ServletContext)
    if ( sc == null ) {
      throw new RuntimeException("ServletContext is null.");
    InputStream wsdlStream =
    //! </example>
    if ( wsdlStream == null ) {
      throw new IOException("WSDL resource not found.");
    //! <c>chap07</c><s>faults</s>
    DocumentBuilderFactory dbfac =
    DocumentBuilder docBuilder = dbfac.newDocumentBuilder();
    Document wsdlDoc = docBuilder.newDocument();
    Transformer xformer =
    xformer.transform(new StreamSource(wsdlStream), new
    NodeList schemaNodes = wsdlDoc.getElementsByTagNameNS(
        XMLConstants.W3C_XML_SCHEMA_NS_URI, "schema");
    int numOfSchemas = schemaNodes.getLength();
    Source[] schemas = new Source[numOfSchemas];
    Document schemaDoc;
    Element schemaElt;
    for (int i=0; i < numOfSchemas; i++) {
      schemaDoc = docBuilder.newDocument();
      NamedNodeMap nsDecls = getNamespaces((Element)
      schemaElt = (Element) schemaDoc.importNode(schemaNodes.item(i),
      for (int j=0; j<nsDecls.getLength(); j++) {
        Attr a = (Attr) schemaDoc.importNode(nsDecls.item(j), true);
      schemas[i] = new DOMSource(schemaDoc);
    SchemaFactory schemaFac = SchemaFactory.
    Schema schema = schemaFac.newSchema(schemas);
    Validator validator = schema.newValidator();
    if (!DOMSource.class.isInstance(payload) &&
        !SAXSource.class.isInstance(payload) ) {
      Document payloadDoc = docBuilder.newDocument();
      xformer.transform(payload, new DOMResult(payloadDoc));
      payload = new DOMSource(payloadDoc);
    try {
    } catch (SAXException se) {
      //! </example>
      return "validation error: " + se.getMessage();
    } catch (IOException e) {
      return "validation error: " + e.getMessage();
    return null;


  private NamedNodeMap getNamespaces(Element e) {

    Element n = (Element) e.cloneNode(true);
    NamedNodeMap attrs = n.getAttributes();
    for (int i=0; i< attrs.getLength(); i++) {
      Attr attr = (Attr) attrs.item(i);
      String prefix = attr.getPrefix();
      String name = attr.getLocalName();
      if ( prefix == null || !prefix.equals("xmlns")) {
    Node parent = e.getParentNode();
    if ( parent != null && parent.getNodeType() == Node.ELEMENT_NODE )
      NamedNodeMap parentAttrs = getNamespaces((Element) parent);
      for (int i=0; i<attrs.getLength(); i++) {
      return parentAttrs;
    return attrs;


As you can see the WSDL is importing the namespace, has included the
Orders.xsd where duly oms:BUSOBJ_CCARD complexType is declared. And
still we have errors.

The full source code for the above mentioned book can be downloaded
from http://soabook.com.

If anyone is knowledgeable, please put some light on this issue. I
would be very grateful. It gnawing at my grey matter.


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