Re: CListCtrl unicode doesn't display korean characters correctly

Dansk <>
Wed, 04 Apr 2007 16:49:06 +0200
I tried your sample code directly inside my app, it runs just fine. The
first two kanji chars are exactly as you described them (and I
understand why you did not write the third one, too complex!)

Unfortunately, I think that you missed some infos in my problem:
- All characters but korean are displayed correctly (I have *no* problem
with chinese (simplified and traditional), thai, japanese, russian,
greek, ...). So, I was not really surprised that your sample worked fine.
- The tooltips displayed by the CListCtrl are displayed correctly, even
in Korean (while the text in the line is not).
- A CEdit to which is given the same Font displays the korean strings
with no problem.

Other thing I tested from reading your comments:
- Use the "MS Mincho" font for my application : Ugly for non-chinese
characters but works (except for Korean)
- divide by 2 the font height : more difficult to read, but still
squares for Korean
- multiply by 2 the font height : still squares for Korean.

Given all of that:
- I am not sure that SafeStr would change something, but I'll give it a try.
- I trust the LoadString function as it works fine for other languages
and I can see the text in other context (tooltips, CEdit).
- I trust the font "Arial Unicode MS", it contains *all* the characters
I need, I see them in tooltips and in the CEdit.
- I have the feeling that the problem is specific to Korean.
- I don't know what is happening ;)

Thank you again.


MrAsm a ?crit :

On Wed, 04 Apr 2007 13:54:08 +0200, Dansk <> wrote:

Thank you *very* much for your time and deep analysis.

You're welcome.

- The prototype for LoadString is
bool LoadString(CString &String, DWORD StringId);
I have not written it, I have to trust it.

Maybe you could test it as a black-box in another context, to see if
it is returning correct data.

- strsafe.h is not in my VC6 installation, Where can I find it? I'll try
to include it, but do you *really* think it could change something? In
which way is it safe?

You should find StrSafe in latest Platform SDK (I think that latest
Platform SDK officially supported for VC6 is February 2003 - you can
Google for it and download and install it.).

Or at least, use lstrcpyn

  lstrcpyn(pItem->pszText, yourText, pItem->cchTextMax);

It would just protect your code from buffer overruns and malicious

I don't think the font itself is a problem as I use it on the CEdit
which works perfectly, and the tooltips on the ListCtrl are displayed
correctrly too.

I just wrote a simple MFC Dialog-based app with a CListCtrl to do a

I used the MS Mincho font to display some (unknown to me) kanjis, in
the 4th row of the list control:

The first two kanji's are something like this:

    * **********
    * * * *
    **** * *
    * * *
    * ** * *
 ********* **

I insert this Unicode data in a byte array, and then passed it casting
via LPWSTR (Person.Name is a CString):


    // Build some Chinese characters...
    BYTE kanjis[] =
        //0x4E, 0x0A, 0x4E, 0x0C, 0x4E, 0xB6,
        //0x00, 0x00
        0x0A, 0x4E, 0x0C, 0x4E, 0xB6, 0x4E,
        0x00, 0x00

    Person p;
    p.Name = (LPWSTR)kanjis;


I first entered kanji Unicode data as showed by Character Map Windows
e.g. 4E0A (hex) for the first kanji. But I got the undesidered
rectangle displayed.
So, I inverted data as 0A4E, and the character is painted correctly,
as shown in Character Map. I think it is due to Intel CPU architecture

Also, I changed in LOGFONT also the font height, to make it bigger and
more readable.

So, my guess is that:

1. The font you are using does not have the characters that you want
do display (or maybe the height is too small, you should make it

2. You are having problmes with loading characters data, maybe you are
loading text from an external source which uses Unicode UTF-8 encoding
and not Unicode UTF-16 (the Windows Unicode format), or there are
endian-ness problems.

Below there is part of my code:

// Init the CListCtrl variable.
// Database is stored in "std::vector<Person> m_people" member
void CTestListKorDlg::InitList()
    // Populate m_people database

    CString data[] =
        _T("John"), _T("Smith"), _T(""),
        _T("Bob"), _T("Taylor"), _T("A friend"),
        _T("Chung"), _T("Wong"), _T("He is from far China"),
        _T(""), _T(""), _T("")

    int i = 0;
    while ( ! data[i].IsEmpty() )
        m_people.push_back( Person(data[i], data[i+1], data[i+2]) );
        i += 3;

    // Build some Chinese characters...
    BYTE kanjis[] =
        //0x4E, 0x0A, 0x4E, 0x0C, 0x4E, 0xB6,
        //0x00, 0x00
        0x0A, 0x4E, 0x0C, 0x4E, 0x4E, 0xB6,
        0x00, 0x00
    Person p;
    p.Name = (LPWSTR)kanjis;
    p.Surname = _T("Kung");
    p.Notes = _T("Let's try Kanjis...");

    // Create List control columns

    m_list.InsertColumn(0, _T("Name"), LVCFMT_LEFT, 100);
    m_list.InsertColumn(1, _T("Surname"), LVCFMT_LEFT, 100);
    m_list.InsertColumn(2, _T("Notes"), LVCFMT_LEFT, 200);


    // Adjust font (use MS Mincho)
    CFont * font = m_list.GetFont();
    ASSERT(font != NULL);
    LOGFONT lf;
    lf.lfHeight = -14;
    StringCbCopy(lf.lfFaceName, sizeof(lf.lfFaceName), _T("MS

    // The list control will ask data to us

// Give back the list-control information it is asking to us
void CTestListKorDlg::OnListGetDispInfo(NMHDR* pNMHDR, LRESULT*

    // Create a pointer to the item
    LV_ITEM* pItem= &(pDispInfo)->item;

    // Which item number?
    int itemid = pItem->iItem;

    // Do the list need text information?
    if (pItem->mask & LVIF_TEXT)
        CString text;

        // Which column?
        if(pItem->iSubItem == 0)
            // Text is name
            text = m_people[itemid].Name;
        else if (pItem->iSubItem == 1)
            // Text is surname
            text = m_people[itemid].Surname;
        else if (pItem->iSubItem == 2)
            // Text is notes
            text = m_people[itemid].Notes;

        // Copy the text to the LV_ITEM structure
        // Maximum number of characters is in pItem->cchTextMax
        StringCchCopy(pItem->pszText, pItem->cchTextMax, text);

    *pResult = 0;



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