Re: dynamic allocation and values of data members
Pascal J. Bourguignon wrote:
"firstname.lastname@example.org, India" <email@example.com>
Consider the following classes without ctors.
Suppose I allocate
Test* t = new Test();
Since I have mentioned 'new Test()' instead of just 'new Test',
will this statement set
t->i_val to zero, t->i_ptr to null pointer, t->obj.d_val to 0.0,
t->obj.d_ptr to null pointer ?
What does the standard say in this regard ?
I just asked this question to my local C++ guru this morning, and he
said that no, these members are not implicitely initialized. You have
to do it yourself. The problem is that "[p]rimitive type member
variable like int, float etc does not have any constructors, so they
are just initialized with an undefined initial value which is often a
Your guru needs to refresh his knowledge of the initialisation process.
Tell him to look things up in the Standard.
Note that you should probably always define a constructor (perhaps
private), to let other objects use your class for its member and have
it automatically initialized with default values.
Test* t = new Test();
in OP's case _value-initialises_ the object. That means, since 'Test'
is *not* a POD, it would call the default constructor for the class if
one existed, but since there is no user-defined constructor, every
member is _value-initialised_. For a POD type it measn _zero_-
initialised. Same proceeds to 'Sample'.
IOW, all arithmetic values are 0 and all pointers are null.
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